Spirituality and Religion


Religion is an institution that unites people through shared beliefs and practices. Its leaders conduct rituals that lay the groundwork for how people should live their lives. It also functions as a social network that shapes behavior and values. People who practice a religion often follow rules, such as the wearing of special clothing and moral codes.

Jewish spiritual practices include prayer and recitation of blessings. Other forms of worship involve fasting, performing acts of loving kindness and giving tzedakah. A Sufi performs spiritual practices and worship. Some religions also have certain times of the year that are associated with special holidays. Some people also practice spiritual practices as a means of gaining greater wisdom.

Many people define themselves as spiritual but not religious. These people hold ambivalent views of religion and its practices. People in religious groups have more ambivalent views than those in secular groups. For example, nearly ninety percent of practicing Christians and 85% of secular groups disagree with 98% of evangelicals. However, ambivalence is different from declaring that religion causes harm. Generally speaking, spirituality is an individual choice and should be rooted in individual values and experiences.

Religion provides social support and existential meaning to a person. It also provides a moral code and coherent belief system. However, this role is shaped by the culture in which a person lives and practices it. Therefore, religion’s impact on health and wellbeing should be considered in the context of society.

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